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OBESITY- Identify, Evaluate & Treat it

The food that we eat every day contributes to our well-being. Food provides us with nutrients which are required in our daily activities. Intake of more calories results in burning of the extra food into fat and is stored in our body. If we overeat regularly, we gain weight, and if we continue to gain weight, we may become obese.

Obesity is a serious health epidemic. About 30 million Indians are obese. It is major risk factors for a number of chronic diseases, including diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer. It was once an issue only in high income groups, but obesity has now dramatically raised in lower and middle income groups also.

A crude population measure of obesity is the body mass index (BMI), a person’s weight (in kilograms) divided by the square of his or her height (in meters). The WHO defines an adult who has a BMI between:

0 > 18.5- Under Weight

18.5 – 24.9- Healthy Weight

25 – 29.9- Over Weight

30 < – Obese

Obesity treatment strategies vary from person to person. Beginning treatment early is an essential part of success, and it is important to talk with your physician before beginning any weight-loss program. There are several methods for treating obesity, such as behavior modification, physical activity, clinical weight management programs, medically managed weight-loss and surgical treatment.

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